On this day, July 2 … 

1937: Aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight along the equator.

Also on this day:

  • 1881: President James A. Garfield is shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington railroad station; Garfield would the following September. (Guiteau would be hanged in June 1882.)
  • 1890: Congress passes the Sherman Antitrust Act.
  • 1892: The Populist Party (also known as the People’s Party) opens its first national convention in Omaha, Neb.
  • 1917: Rioting erupts in East St. Louis, Ill., as white mobs attack black residents. Nearly 50 people, mostly blacks, are believed to have died in the violence.
  • 1961: Ernest Hemingway shoots himself to death at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.
  • 1962: The first Walmart store opens in Rogers, Ark.
  • 1964: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs into law a sweeping civil rights bill passed by Congress. 
  • 1976: The U.S. Supreme Court, in Gregg v. Georgia, rules 7-2 the death penalty is not inherently cruel or unusual.
  • 1979: The Susan B. Anthony dollar coin is issued, the first circulating coin to feature a woman.
  • 1996: Seven years after they shot-gunned their parents to death in the family’s Beverly Hills mansion, Lyle and Erik Menendez are sentenced to life in prison without parole.
  • 2002: Steve Fossett becomes the first man to fly nonstop solo around the world in a balloon.
  • 2014: Louis Zamperini, an Olympic runner who survived a bomber crash in the Pacific Ocean, spent weeks adrift at sea and then years as a Japanese prisoner of war and became the subject of a celebrated book and movie, dies in Los Angeles at age 97.
  • 2018: Rescue divers in Thailand find 12 boys and their soccer coach, who had been trapped by flooding as they explored a cave more than a week earlier.
  • 2019: Alex Morgan’s first-half goal and Alyssa Naeher’s late, clutch penalty save lift the U.S. to a stunning 2-1 victory over England and advance the team to the Women’s World Cup final.